Let’s talk about one of the most commonly used plastics today – Polyvinyl chloride. Or, as we all know it - PVC. In fact, 20 million tons were produced only in 1995. The reason why it is so commonly used, is because it’s a low cost material, light weight and comfortable to work with. In this article we will talk about and explain, how PVC is made, what the bad side effects from using it are and what the methods of its disposal are. How PVC is made? In very simple terms – by linking monomers (a molecule that can be bonded to other identical molecule) together. This creates polymer that can occur in two shapes: rigid and elastic. We get a flexible polymer when we add Plasticizers in the rigid one. Plasticizers are an additive, which passes on special rubber-like attributes of the polymer. (For a more elaborated version of how PVC is made, visit Manufacturing polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a three-step process. In the process of making PVC, other additives are used as well, such as: impact modifiers, fillers, processing aids, smoke suppressors, UV stabilizers and optionally, pigments. What the end product would be used for will decide what sort of additives will be added in the process. Many of these additives are released into the nature when PVC’s are getting made. This delivers a bad effect on the environment, which we will talk about in the succeeding chapter. Why PVC is bad for the Environment? With the use of raw chemicals, the production of PVC can be harmful for the surroundings. Particularly for the environment that is close to where it is being made. For example, residents from Mosswile, Louisiana – a town that is close to a chemical facility for production of PVC – have had three times more than normal dioxides level in their blood. All this is caused from the pollution of the water, ground and air. The pollution, of course, comes from releasing and disposal of additives during the devising process. In putting out these chemicals, which some are classified as carcinogenic, we risk our health. In fact, dioxin – one of the elements that occurs in the process, has been classified as a known human carcinogen. This is confirmed by the International Agency for Research on Cancer and U.S. National Toxicology Program. Latest research indicates that there is no safe level of dioxin exposure for humans. Tests have been performed on animals, and they all showed a negative affects. [...]
Starting from coffee cups and shopping bags all up to protective gear and food packaging – plastic is a big part of our lives. Plastic is around us more than many realize, and it’s an important part of our everyday living. But, should it be? How safe it is? In this article, we will try to cover many how plastic is made and what exactly is plastic. Hopefully, we will bust some myths about it and give you a new insight for it. It’s Organic That’s correct – plastic is made from oil and/or plants. The first one that is made is from oil actually made from naphtha – a type of oil that cannot be refined for gasoline or motor oil. The second one that is made is from plants is a bioplastic – mostly used for disposable items like packaging, straws, pots, etc. The method of making a plastic is a long one, but we will try to explained in short words: - The Naphtha is processed into polymers , substances that are formed by chemical reaction in which large number of molecules (monomers) are joined together – creating a chain. - Different combination of monomers can yield the plastic resins with different properties and characteristics. - When the plastic finally emerges from the reactors, it’s not yes as we wanted to be. So therefore, additives are added (hence the name :). Not only that additives are meant to change the mechanical, physical and chemical properties of the plastic, but to protect it as well, from light, heat or bacteria. Bioplastics are made from plants such as corn, orange peels, cellulose, etc. A good thing about this kind of plastic is that it is compostable: these plastics can decay into natural materials. There are 2 types of polymers (plastic) -Thermoset, plastic that once is made – it cannot be changed. -Thermoplastic, plastic that once exposed to heat it returns in its original condition. Environmental effects that plastic can cause With so many plastic products around us, some kind of impact on the environment is expected. Some of those impacts include: -Danger to animal life There is a big amount of plastic bags and bottle in our oceans. In fact, that kind of trash in the Pacific is estimated that is a size of Texas. This not only cause dangers to the marine life, but to us as well. Many countries spend a lot of money for picking up litter. Only the country of Australia is spending [...]
Major League Eating sponsors competitive eating contests around the world. In the following interview we talk about them. They run about 80 contests a year. This is primarily an interview with Crazy Legs Conti a competitive eater and several time champion. Crazy Legs Conti uses Zen to prepare for contests. Zen is "a Japanese school of Mahayana Buddhism emphasizing the value of meditation and intuition."
What does it take to be a competitive Hot Dog Contest Winner? You have to take the competition seriously.
Lemonade in the USA and Canada is a uncarbonated drink, basically made from squeezed lemon juice, water and sugar. It could have artificial sweetener instead of sugar. Then there is alcholic lemonade which also popular is sweetened artificially. There are a lot of variants in lemonade of the fruit nature. These usually consist of raspberries, grapefruit, grapes, red cherry, cranberries, strawberris and grenadine ( Wikipedia - describes grenadine -The Mott's brand "Rose's", by far the most common grenadine brand in the United States,  is presently formulated using (in order of concentration): high fructose corn syrup, water, citric acid, sodium citrate, sodium benzoate, FD&C Red #40, natural and artificial flavors, and FD&C Blue #1.. There are all kinds of variations on lemonade as might be expected, it depends to what country you are referring. There are health benefits to Lemons Lemons have natural healing power. Here is a website that offers 15 Hidden Health Secrets of Lemons. Some of which are abolishing acne, cankor sore relief, curing corns and callus (something my runners feet could use help with), fight fatigue, healing hypertension, pulverize pain, varicose veins and more. Take a look at that article above. Anyway adding sugar to your lemon mixture may take away some of the benefits of lemons or at least reduce the benefits of them. Here are -
Bacteria in food? Sounds gross alright. Will a restaurant advertising “bacteria-filled” food even make a sale? People would probably just forgo this for a popular fast-food chain. But did you know that you may be better off eating some kinds of bacteria-laden food rather than munching on a bowl of fries? You see, there are two kinds of bacteria- the good and the bad. While you want to kill the latter with an antibacterial agent right away, you need to have as much as you can of the good kinds. One of the best sources of good bacteria are fermented foods. Fermented Foods? What are they? Fermentation is the process by which organic substances are transformed into simpler compounds. This is made possible with the use of catalysts such as yeasts, molds or bacteria. Fermented foods are often described by food enthusiasts as having a “unique taste” or a cross between fresh and rotten. They will not usually say that it’s delicious but some of the expensive delicacies of today have undergone fermentation, producing exotic tastes. The process of fermenting foods dates back to almost 8,000 years ago. Our ancestors developed this by chance and some even associated this with a divine intervention. Bacteria was not a known phenomenon back then but what our ancestors did notice was the energy they had from consuming fermented foods. Fermented Delicacies Foods on your shelf may not be labelled as such but some of these have undergone fermentation. Coffee beans for example are exposed to natural yeasts and bacteria when air dried, adding richness to its flavor. That wine served while you were dining out in an expensive restaurant are crushed grapes treated with yeast just like the beer you share with your buddies. Other fermented products that could be easily acquired in the supermarket are yogurt, bread, pickles, cheese, chocolate, tea, and salami. Each country have their own variety of fermented foods. For example, Korea is known for its kimchi, China for century egg and miso for Japan. Health Benefits The most popular reason why fermented foods are recommended by experts is because these are rich in lactobacilli. How can this be beneficial to your health? Contrary to common belief that the presence of lactobacilli is only beneficial for the gut, the discovery of Guts and Physiology syndrome (GAPS) established a connection in digestive processes affecting the way the brain works. The overall health of digestive system has been linked to neurological and psychiatric conditions like dyslexia, schizophrenia, [...]
We have been breeding the nutrition out of our food for a long time. Corn in the super market is ultra sweet. Most of our food is ultra sweet. This is why we have a nation of 80% pre diabetics or diabetics. We have taken the phytonutrients out of our food. Some foods in the store have 10 to twenty times more nutrients then others. Purple, red blue or black foods have a lot of nutrients. Red berries, blueberries, purple carrots, purple potatoes are better for us have and are rich in anthocyanins. Anthocyanins, can help control and get rid of a lot of our modern diseases. The artichoke is one of the most nutritious foods in the supermarket. It is very rich in antioxidants. The shallot is one of most nutritious foods. Garlic is a potent cancer fighting vegetables. You need to crush the garlic or chop it and let it set for ten minutes so the two ingredients can combine to make allicin, a potent cancer fighting compound. Tomatoes become much richer in lycopene the longer you cook it. You should eat three to four servings from the cabbage (horseradish, or kale) family a week. They can reduce cancer significantly. There are a lot of great tips about eating nutritiously in this book Eating on the Wild Side by Jo Robinson. Carrots were originally, purple, red or sometimes yellow. Four hundred years ago a red carrot was crossed with a yellow carrot to come up with orange carrots. We now know the original purple carrots have sixteen times more nutrients then the orange carrots in the store. Purple carrots can be found in a seed catalog now. Baby carrots - the orange ones were made to save the big orange carrots leftovers. The outer skin of the carrot is the most nutritious, don't peel your carrots. The carrot is less nutritious towards the center of the carrot. Food vendors concessionaires should take a look at this book. Every year there is a wealth of new "foods" at the county and state fairs. It also seems like there is a race to develop good tasting nutrition less foods to sell. Here is a challenge to you food vendors. Can you make a good tasting food that is high in nutrition? The public is becoming more and more aware of nutrition. Listen to this podcast on Science Friday from the author of Eating on the Wild Side nEating on the Wild Side, author Jo Robinson reveals how [...]
"Shallots are for babies, onions are for men, but garlic is for heroes!" With a history of human use of over 7,000 years, garlic is an herb that grows in Asia, Africa and Europe, used for mainly food flavoring purposes. In Syria, Egypt garlic has been a medicine that is known to cure many diseases like cough, fever and other infections for a thousand years. Garlic comes in many shapes and sizes each with its own unique characteristics and taste. The various types of garlic include Red Garlic of Nubia, Wild Garlic, meadow Garlic and Crow Garlic of North America, and Field Garlic of Britain. One of the most famous garlics is the Elephant Garlic and not to forgot the Pearl garlic or Single Clove Garlic or China. “My final, considered judgment is that the hardy bulb [garlic] blesses and ennobles everything it touches - with the possible exception of ice cream and pie.” - Angelo Pellegrini In the kitchen, garlic is of utmost importance. It is the key to a delicious dish that everyone can enjoy. Ever heard of a pizza made without garlic? Or a pasta being made so marvelous without the addition of garlic? Well, there is your answer. Clearly no dish can become exquisite without the addition of garlic. And don’t take my word on it. You’ll meet a number of great cooks who will tell you the exact same thing if you were to ask around. No one can deny the unique taste the simple addition of garlic bring in any dish. Garlic cloves have a spicy flavor to themselves that make any dish they are being added to, superb in taste. They can be added with oil or simply added as a spice in meat breads. Either way there is little to nothing you can to without the addition of garlic to make your food taste absolutely great. Just a little bit of addition of garlic can increase the standard of your dish to a great degree. "Oh, that miracle clove! Not only does garlic taste good, it cures baldness and tennis elbow, too." - Laurie Burrows Garlic not only provides culinary uses but also medical provisions. Scientific researches show that garlic can heal athlete's foot, baldness, tennis elbow, fever, cough, and other small infections without the need of any kind of strict medical attention. A 2012 meta-analysis of randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials looking at the effects of garlic on serum lipid profiles, found garlic was superior to placebo in reducing [...]